Cynara scolymus (Artichoke)


Bitter, Lowers blood cholesterol, diuretic, Liver tonic, lowers blood sugar.

Cynara scolymus, like Carduus marianus protects the liver against toxins and infection (Samochowiec, L et al. 1971).

In addition, it stimulates regeneration of liver cells (Maros, T. et al. 1966, 1968).

The following effects on the liver has been demonstrated:

Clinical trials on 84 patients with secondary hyperlipidaemia were performed using Cynara scolymus. The following lipid values in serum were tested: total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol. and triglycerides. Apart from a dramatic increase in HDL cholesterol, artichoke caused a decrease in value of the other parameters (Dorn, M., 1995)


Sesquiterpene lactone (cynaropicrin), Cynarin, Polyphenol oxidase, Caffeoylquinic acids.


Dorn, M. (1995). Improvement in Raised Lipid Levels with Artichoke Juice (Cynara scolymus). Brit. J. Phytotherapy. 4(1);21-26.

Maros, T., Racz, G., Katonai, B., Kovacs, V.V. (1966). Effects of Cynara Scolymus extracts on the regeneration of rat liver. 1. Arzneimittelforschung 16(2):127-9.

Maros, T., Seres-Sturm, L., Racz, G., Rettegi, C., Kovacs, V.V. and Hints, M. (1968). Effect of Cynara scolymus-extracts on the regeneration of rat liver. 2. Arzneimittelforschung 18(7);884-6.

Montini, M., Levoni, P., Ongaro, A., Pagani, G. (1975). Controlled application of cynarin in the treatment of hyperlipemic syndrome. Observations in 60 cases. Arzneimittelforschung 25(8):1311-4.

Samochowiec, L. et al. (1971). The influence of 1,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid on Serum Lipids in the Experimentally Alcoholised Rat. Panminerve Medica. 13;87.

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

Georges-Louis Friedli, PgDip., MSc., PhD.